The goal is always to keep distance between you and the attacker, and ultimately get away. As an attack range gets physically closer the risk of personal injury increases.
- Verbal – noncontact range
- Standing arm length distance (Kicking & punching range)
- Standing within close range (Knee / elbow strike range or standing grappling/wrestling range)
- Ground – person to person range on the ground
If a situation escalates through a couple of levels, try to get it back to level one. Sometimes you can go from level four (person to person on the ground) to a level one (verbal, no contact). Just remember once you physically engage with someone, it will be very hard to regress in levels, however in any of these ranges your end goal is to create space to get to safety.